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Here's how N.C. plans to fix a third of the $1.5 billion in remaining Florence damage

RALEIGH — More than 12,000 homeowners and 3,500 renters who suffered damage during Hurricane Florence in 2018 are still awaiting repairs or assistance, according to an unmet-needs analysis prepared by the North Carolina Office of Recovery and Resiliency.

The state received a $542.6 million disaster relief grant from the federal government to address damage done by Florence. The office, which administers disaster relief grants, noted in a press release this week that the Federal Register notice letting them know how that money can be used was published exactly 500 days after the hurricane made landfall.

Laura Hogshead, the agency’s chief operating officer, said that in administering a $236.5 million Hurricane Matthew grant, the state has created programs and learned lessons that will allow it to more quickly get Florence recovery dollars to people who need them.

“We just need applications to move through the process,” Hogshead said. “We need permission from (the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development).”

To get that permission, the Office of Recovery and Resiliency has crafted an action plan describing how it plans to use the Community Development Block Grant for Disaster Recovery.

The action plan notes that Florence left $1.51 billion in unmet needs. So even after the $542.6 million is spent, there will still be $970 million more in damage to repair before the recovery can be called complete.

The Office of Recovery and Resiliency plans to largely use the money it does have on housing, either repairing and elevating existing stock or building new affordable options.

According to the plan, $325.6 million of the HUD grant will help people rehabilitate or rebuild their storm-damaged homes, while $59.7 million would be used to develop affordable housing in Eastern North Carolina. The recovery program would also provide $32.56 million apiece for buyouts and a small rental repair program, and $16.28 million to restore public housing damaged during the storm.

At least 80% of the Florence grant will need to be spent in HUD-designated most-impacted and distressed areas, a wide swath of the state that runs along the state’s southern border from Robeson County to the Atlantic Ocean and then along the eastern seaboard from Brunswick County to Carteret County. The most-impacted communities also include Duplin County, as well as specific ZIP codes in Bladen, Cumberland, Pamlico and Scotland counties.

Repairing housing

In the Jones County town of Trenton, 106 homes were destroyed when the Trent River flooded, said Mayor Darlene Spivey. Spivey and her husband moved eight times in the 10 months after the storm after their own home suffered flood damage.

They’ve returned to their home now, but Spivey describes it as “almost finished, but not exactly.” Of nine homes on the street, only three families have returned, including the Spiveys. It is difficult, the Spivey said, to grasp the belongings inside a home that make it familiar until they’re all gone.

“My husband and I are still reaching for things we don’t have anymore,” she said.

Spivey said many of her neighbors and constituents still live in flood-damaged homes, whether because it is all they’ve ever known or because they can’t afford other options.

“We’ve got situations where people are still in their homes that probably shouldn’t be,” Spivey said, “and they need help.”

According to the unmet-needs analysis, there is $734.8 million in home damage left to repair. Of that, $557.4 million is damage to owner-occupied homes, while $177.3 million is damage to renter-occupied homes. According to the report, Craven, Pender and Robeson counties have the most remaining damage with $145.1 million, $86.8 million and $64.7 million, respectively.

The action plan describes homeowner assistance such as grants up to $70,000 to help rehabilitate homes, replace mobile homes and elevate homes to mitigate future flood damage.

If a home is determined to be damaged less than 50%, it will be repaired, Hogshead said, while a home that is damaged higher than 80% will automatically be replaced. In instances where the homes suffered between 50% and 80% damage, the homeowner is able to decide whether to repair or replace it.

The recovery agency is also proposing spending $59.7 million to develop affordable housing, an initiative that would include funding apartments, single-site developments between one and four units and a down payment assistance program to help renters buy homes.

Nonprofit developers and others seeking to build affordable housing in storm-impacted areas would apply to the state recovery agency, Hogshead said. As part of the Hurricane Matthew recovery, for instance, the agency awarded the N.C. Housing Finance Agency $16.6 million to build an 80-unit complex in Fayetteville and a 48-unit complex in Goldsboro.

“What we keep hearing in Eastern North Carolina is that not everybody wants a typical three-story, multi-story housing development, that we need to be sensitive to the needs of Fair Bluff or the needs of Whiteville,” Hogshead said. “We want to open up the options so cities and towns can decide what their affordable housing solutions are.”

Trade program

Sean Bynum, who co-chairs the New Hanover County Disaster Coalition, complimented the plan’s focus on rehabilitating housing and adding new options, estimating that there are about 500 people who have either not returned to their homes post-Florence or are awaiting repairs.

Bynum also works as the operations director at StepUp Wilmington, which helps people find employment by providing skills such as interview training and physical items such as an interview suit or bus ticket. With that in mind, he praised a part of the plan that would use $5.4 million to provide construction or trade training to low-income individuals living in areas hit hard by hurricanes and an additional $5.4 million to train more code enforcement officials.

“I see that as a benefit to our community on multiple levels. We’re going to have to have people able to reconstruct homes, but because of our area we always have new construction,” Bynum said.

The need for contractors extends beyond the Cape Fear Region.

“There’s not enough workers to move forward fast enough, and I don’t know how long people can hold on,” said Spivey, Trenton’s mayor. “Unfortunately, our area is rural, which is what we love about it. I’m not sad about it at all, but unfortunately there’s less population, which is less qualified people to help, which is less resources.”

Recovery officials developed the trade and permitting training programs based on feedback from storm-impacted communities like Trenton and from the recovery agency’s contractors.

“We know we are stressing the system, and we want to make sure we have the workforce available to do the work we need and that we leave communities better than they were,” Hogshead said.

What’s missing?

Mac Legerton, a longtime Robeson County activist and co-director of United Church of Christ Disaster Ministries’ Southeastern North Carolina Climate, Justice and Disaster Recovery Project, has been critical of the state agency’s outreach to local communities. After reviewing the draft plan, Legerton noted that there is one paragraph regarding stakeholder engagement.

Legerton envisions an approach where the feedback of affected communities should be centered and prioritized in the disaster recovery process, including a much more robust section on engaging those groups.

“An extensive community revisioning and redesigning process by impacted residents needs to occur prior to disaster mitigation funding options and applications are offered,” Legerton said. “Unless this process is completed beforehand, many residents will choose to involuntarily sell their abandoned homes rather than rebuild. As long as people are excluded from determining the future of their own community as a community, the community will certainly decline and most likely never recover.”

In Wilmington, Bynum questioned why the action plan doesn’t include any specific mention of helping survivors’ mental health. The only mention of the issue in the action plan is to note that mental health services aren’t considered in the unmet needs analysis because it is meant to consider direct effects and damage from the storm.

“All of this is housing and trade or job related, but the recovery extends beyond physical recovery,” Bynum said. “I don’t see any funding allocated to the mental health after Florence or to suffering through two storms while still being displaced.”

Recovery staff and funding

North Carolina is still managing $236.5 million in grant funds from Hurricane Matthew, of which $176.3 million has been committed. That money has been used to finish 231 houses, and work is underway on 300 more, according to the state recovery agency.

Furthermore, the state is waiting for HUD approval on $168 million in disaster mitigation funds from Hurricane Matthew, money that North Carolina recovery officials plan to use largely on buyouts throughout the state. If HUD approves the plan, as expected, a portion of the mitigation funds would also be used to build affordable housing around the areas where the most buyouts happen.

If all of the plans are approved, the state recovery agency will be in charge of nearly $950 million in recovery funds.

When the N.C. General Assembly created the Office of Recovery and Resiliency, 45 positions were allocated for it. With the number of expected applications expected to spike once the Florence funds are approved, Hogshead said, the agency is going to need more employees to oversee spending. The Florence grant alone would spend $27.1 million, or 5%, on administrative costs.

“With 5% administrative costs on nearly $1 billion, we have the money to do it. We need the slots. ... We need for the legislature to work with us on the slots,” Hogshead said, adding she does not yet have a planned number of positions to request.


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Things got hairy on Saturday night at the ninth annual Carolina BAM Competition in Greensboro, hosted by the Beard and Moustache Club of North Carolina. The club competition included 17 facial-hair categories ranging from traditional to faux kids’ and women’s beards. The event was a fundraiser for a local nonprofit.

Find more photos at greensboro.com


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Does your tap water smell a bit funny? Here's why it might.

GREENSBORO — For the next two months, area residents might notice their drinking water smells a little like it came from a swimming pool.

If so, the faint odor change will be because Greensboro and its seven water-system partners are switching temporarily to chlorine as a disinfectant.

The move, which starts today and lasts through May 11, aims to prevent contaminant growth in remote parts of the communities’ sprawling network of underground piping, said Dell Harney, Greensboro’s water supply manager.

“We have over 1,500 miles of underground piping in our system,” Harney said of the Greensboro water system, noting that it would stretch all the way to Colorado if laid end to end.

“This is a preventative maintenance item,” he said of temporarily chlorinating the water.

Other water systems cooperating in the 8-week initiative include High Point, Jamestown, the Piedmont Triad Regional Water Authority, Archdale, Burlington, Randleman and Reidsville.

Chlorine is a stronger disinfectant than chloramine, a blend of chlorine and amonia that the local water systems use most of the time.

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that research has shown drinking water with “small amounts of chlorine does not cause harmful health effects and provides protection against waterborne disease outbreaks.”

But the switch back to chlorination might require that people who use or operate equipment sensitive to water quality, such as kidney dialysis machines or aquariums, make changes in how they filter the water they are using.

The Greensboro Department of Water Resources offers more detailed information about the periodic use of chlorination and other aspects of water treatment on its web page.

Chlorine had been the standard disinfectant that Greensboro used for decades. But the city, its water-system partners and many other communities switched from chlorine to chloramine during the past decade because it has similar germ killing prowess, but produces fewer chemical byproducts in the process.

These byproducts can be harmful to human health when they are present in heavy concentrations. Greensboro changed to chloramine as its standard disinfectant only as a precaution, not because its prior use of chlorine threatened anyone’s health, Harney said.

But he said that about every two years, local water systems temporarily return to chlorine to head off problems in parts of the system where water might move too slowly or sit unused for days at a time.

“It’s not that we are having any huge issues,” Harney said. “It’s that we are taking action to prevent that.”

Harney said that the eight water systems are all making the temporary switch to chlorine at the same time because in order to work effectively, the process has to be undertaken throughout an interconnected system.

The systems are partners in a regional water-sharing pact to guard against drought or some other calamity that might hit one community harder than another.

Collectively, the participating local governments except Burlington and Reidsville also own shares of the regional water authority that operates Randleman Regional Reservoir and its treatment plant.

Harney said representatives of the eight water distribution systems meet quarterly to share information, discuss challenges and plan together.

He said that part of the chlorination process includes speeding up the rate at which water flows through parts of the underground network. That could accentuate changes in water color or taste that do not pose a health risk, Harney said.

But he said that if these changes in someone’s tap water “persist more than half a day,” Greensboro residents should call 336-373-2489.

Harney said such alerts from area residents could help water managers detect unforeseen problem areas and add to their understanding of what is happening as the chlorination process moves ahead.